Abdominal Retractor is a self-retaining retractor used in laparotomy procedures. It may also be used for specific. abdominal procedures where the abdomen needs. to be held open for examination or evaluation, such as cesarean sections and bowel resection. Retractor is a large, handheld retractor commonly used, to hold back the abdominal wall during abdominal or thoracic procedures. It may also be used to move, or hold organs away from the surgical site. Retractors are found in various designs, sizes and shapes. The various types of retractors are usually named after the organ which they are used to deal with for example retractors, which are used to retract an abdomen, they are called abdominal retractors, and when skin is being dealt with, A retractor is a surgical instrument, used to separate the edges, of a surgical incision or wound, or to hold back underlying organs, and tissues so that body parts under, the incision may be accessed. The general term retractor usually, describes a simple handheld steel tool possessing a curved, hooked, or angled blade